And it should be noted that summer pruning is not a one-off event. Grape vines should be pruned every year. To produce healthy wine grape clusters… pruning is a critical component in the growing process. Pruning an old, overgrown grapevine requires a form of severe pruning that removes about 90 percent of the plant’s total growth. Pruning grape vines isn’t something you do for cosmetic reasons. So here we will not talk about how you can become a perfect grape vine pruning master by just reading this. Training and yearly pruning your grapevines is crucial, otherwise you will end up with an overgrown entangled mess and a reduced harvest. If you don’t prune your vines, you won’t get much fruit. It happens and it will continue to happen even on experienced folks. In order to grow the vines… one needs to cut them. Naturally, summer pruning of grapevines implies that your vines are mature enough to produce large bunches of fruit. When the plant sprouts in the spring and grows a new shoot, that shoot turns from green to brown at the end of the growing season. To spur prune: Select 20 to 30 stems, which grew from the cordons (full number not shown here). When it comes to pruning grapes, the most common mistake people make is not pruning hard enough. Regular pruning is essential for controlling grape canes and producing quality fruit yields. Create spurs by pruning the stems to two buds. Remove all other growth. It's important to prune young vines. How to Prune Grape Vines. Notes and observations During the fourth summer, my vines produced their first grapes. Pruning allows air and sunlight to reach the inside of the vines, giving them the, sunlight, air flow and nutrition they need to thrive. Whether you are growing honeysuckle, clematis, or grapes, it's important to prune your vines regularly. Proper pruning will help maintain a grapevine’s potential of producing a good quality fruit crop, develop good vine structure, increase sunlight exposure into the canopy, promote the development of next year’s fruiting wood, and potentially reduce disease and insect pressure. The secret is to prune them hard every year, aiming to ensure your vine bears far fewer grapes than it’s capable of producing. Grape vines produce fruit on one-year-old wood, and that’s it – seriously. Grape vines can prove a hard task for beginners, but this is nothing to be afraid of. There are dozens, if not hundreds of different methods of training grapes, depending on the grape variety, the country of origin and even region, and whether you are growing table grapes or wine grapes. The basics of pruning vineyards are relatively simple. Part of the series: Gardening: Pruning. Grape gardeners often become confused as to what should be pruned off and when. Alex Moeller from the Oregon Wine Research Institute at Oregon State University gives a short lesson on best practices for pruning wine grape vines. How and When to Prune a Grapevine. In the fourth winter, I started maintenance pruning, or selectively cutting back the stems. "One of the main jobs of pruning is to tell the vine how many bunches of grapes you want it to produce and to ripen in the year," he said. Nope, things just don’t work like this, so let me be straight forward with you. Grapes should be pruned during their dormancy, usually in late winter. Similar to human hair, the end product is healthier when it is trimmed regularly and on a schedule. Let’s look at how to prune grapes. How to Prune Old and Overgrown Grapevines. Proper summer pruning will allow sunlight to penetrate through the leaves to improve the color of the grapes as well as controlling disease. 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