The plant has a number of chemicals responsible for its medicinal properties, such as antiarthritis, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, etc. The edible ginger plant (Zingiber officinale) is also known as ginger root, Chinese ginger or common ginger. Ginger also has many medicinal uses. Some cultures used fresh or frozen rhizomes in soups and stir-fry. Stems 24 feet tall, with narrow, glossy, bright green leaves to 1 feet long. During the growing season, the herbaceous perennial needs to be watered often. It's not. The ginger extract from medicinal plants acts as antiemetic as they help treat a wide variety of illnesses like morning sickness, high blood pressure, motion sickness, etc. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The rhizomes are brown to golden colored with a corky outer skin that can be damaged through handling. It was later on domesticated by the people of Austronesia in Southeast Asia, Oceania, Taiwan, and Madagascar. Edible or culinary ginger is the fat, knobby, aromatic rhizome of Zingiber officinale, a tender herbaceous perennial plant in the large ginger family (Zingiberaceae) native to humid, partly-shaded habitats in moist tropical and subtropical forests of Southeast Asia. Zingiber Officinale roscoe is identified by handful of common names which are as follows: Ginger plants prefer heat and humidity for optimal growth. Other notable members of this plant family are turmeric, cardamom, and galangal. The ginger family also includes popular species like cardamom, kalihi, turmeric, and galangal. Botanical Name: Zingiber zerumbet. Kew Species Profiles. Ginger also comes in the form of essential oils. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. With its strong distinct flavor that can increase the production of saliva. It grows about 30-100 cm in height. The genus Zingiber is native to Southeast Asia especially in Thailand, China, the Indian Subcontinent, and New Guinea. It can take a few years before a new plant will flower. Other Names: Pinecone Ginger, Itter Ginger, Broad-leaved Ginger, Martinique Ginger,… It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae). The specific epithet officinale was traditionally used to refer to a plant with health and medicinal properties that was sold in the apothecary. A true ginger plant is also successfully cultivated in areas receiving less rainfall. The exotic flowers of tropical gingers, such as common ginger (Zingiber officinale), red ginger (Alpinia purpurata) and shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet), fill the garden with a sweet, spicy scent. Morphology and Anatomy Last Updated on Thu, 17 Dec 2020 | Ginger Zingiber The ginger plant is a herbaceous perennial grown as an annual crop. Generally, the inflorescences have pale yellow and purple flowers, which arise straight from rhizomes. 3,4 The cone flowers are scarce in a spike formation originating from … The ginger family also includes popular species like cardamom, kalihi, turmeric, and galangal. The blooms protrude from the bracts. This rare and unusual herb comes highly recommended: it is said that Confucius recommended ginger and used it to flavor all of his food! The leaves are long and narrow. In such cases, the plant needs to be watered frequently. When I started growing ginger root I expected it to be difficult. The spice is produced from the rhizome (underground stem) of the plant. Zingiberaceae, the ginger family of flowering plants, the largest family of the order Zingiberales, containing about 56 genera and about 1,300 species. Some of the best areas for ginger cultivation are USDA Hardiness Zones from 8 to 12. It can take a few years before a new plant will flower. To grow the most common edible variety, Zingiber officinale, all you need is ginger root from the grocery store. However, they benefit from light pruning every now and then. A shovelful of manure needs to be applied to the plant twice a week; especially when the summer temperature rises. Family Zingiberaceae Genus Zingiber are aromatic rhizomatous perennials with alternate, oblong leaves in two ranks, and cone-like inflorescences with overlapping, sometimes brightly coloured bracts, and 3-petalled flowers Details Z. officinale grows to 1m, with lance-shaped leaves to … Used as a herbal remedy for wide range of conditions. Ginger plants are typically grown from rhizomes that are bought from any supermarket. zingiber officinale Native to Southeast Asia. Zingiber officinale is an herbaceous perennial and its tuberous roots are the common ginger we use everyday. If potted, bring the plant inside before the temperatures drop below 50 degrees F. to avoid root rot in wet, cold soil. 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