The flowers are white to pink,[9] and bear round, fleshy or mealy, bright red to pink fruits called drupes. Lingonberry’s stems are erect: bearberry is limply creeping and only the … The finely textured velvety branches are initially white to pale green, becoming smooth and red-brown with maturity. When mixed with tobacco or other herbs, it is referred to as kinnikinnick, from an Algonquian (probably Delaware) word for "mixture". [7] Cautions for use apply during pregnancy, breast feeding, or in people with kidney disease.[6][8]. Bearberry leaves are used in traditional medicine in parts of Europe, and are officially classified as a phytomedicine. [11], Dried bearberry leaves are the main component in many traditional North American Native smoking mixes,[3][19] known collectively as "kinnikinnick" (Algonquin for "smoking mixture") used especially among western First Nations, often including other herbs and sometimes tobacco. Wild stands of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi can be dense, with heights rarely taller than 6 inches. [6] They are alternately arranged on the stems. Bearberries look like lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), although they are in no way related. The scientific name of Bearberry is the botanical name or formal name. [14], One review indicated that ingestion of large doses can cause allergic reactions, with nausea and seizures, as a potential emergency condition. [4], The plant contains diverse phytochemicals, including ursolic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, some essential oils and resin, hydroquinones (mainly arbutin, up to 17%), tannins (up to 15%), phenolic glycosides and flavonoids. [11] The berries were used as seasoning and cooked with meat. Bearberry is a trailing evergreen shrub with dark green leaves, small white to pink flowers and red berries. coactilis, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ssp. Erect branching twigs emerge from long flexible prostrate stems, which are produced by single roots. Each leaf is held by a twisted leaf stalk, vertically. [2][6], "Chromatographic separation of tannin fractions from a bearberry leaf (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctostaphylos_uva-ursi&oldid=993793058, Natural history of the California chaparral and woodlands, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, in North America from arctic Alaska, Canada and, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 14:56. Plant … [3] The fruit are edible and are sometimes gathered as food for humans. [17] The fruits can be used to make jelly. [4] Native Americans use bearberry leaves with tobacco and other herbs in religious ceremonies, both as a smudge (type of incense) or smoked in a sacred pipe carrying the smoker's prayers to the Great Spirit. There is an average of 40,900 cleaned seeds per pound. In fall, the leaves begin changing from a dark green to a reddish-green to purple, becoming pale on the underside. In scientific classification of Bearberry, Family is a main factor. Great for groundcover. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, known by a large number of common names including common bearberry and kinninnick, is an extremely winter hardy, creeping, slow-growing, prostrate, woody evergreen shrub that typically grows to 6-12” tall but spreads over time by flexible branching (roots at … [6], Terminal clusters of small urn-shaped flowers bloom from May to June. Kinnikinnick (First Nations for "smoking mixture") is a common name in Canada and the United States. There are some 14 subspecies,[8] including: For a list of reported North American subspecies and varietals, see USDA Plants Profile. Undersides of leaves are lighter green than on the tops. Common name of bearberry cotoneaster is in reference to the fact that bears will feed on the berries in winter in parts of the U.S. ‘Coral Beauty’ is a cultivar which is primarily distinguished from species plants by having: (1) more compact habit; (2) leaves a bit shinier; and (3) … [6] It is tolerant of sun and dry soils, and is thus common groundcover in urban areas, in naturalized areas, and in native plant or rock gardens. The leaves are dark green, leathery, shiny, ovate shaped, alternately arranged, and have entire margins. This attractive and hardy plant is widespread in Canada, found in all provinces and territories and at various elevations, from sea level to sub-alpine. [10], Pegg, Ronald B.; Rybarczyk, Anna and Amarowicz, Ryszard (2008), Nordeng H. and Havnen, G.C. The small solitary three-scaled buds are dark brown. [2][3][6] In the wild, the fruits are commonly eaten by bears. Uva ursi has been traditionally used to treat symptoms of mild urinary tract infections. Bearberry appears to be relatively safe, although large doses may cause nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, back pain and tinnitus. adenotricha, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi ssp. A procumbent shrub 10-30 cm high. [15] Uva ursi may cause adverse effects in people with liver or kidney disease, or pregnant and breastfeeding women. Make sure this fits by entering your model number. [14] Though thought to be an astringent[20] or cure for sexually transmitted diseases,[21][citation needed] as of 2017, there was no high-quality evidence from clinical research that such treatments are effective or safe. Common name: Bearberry, Foxberry, and Kinnikinic Genus: Arctostaphylos Species: uva-ursi Parts used: Bearberry is a low growing evergreen. The Pawnee name for the whole plant is nakasis, meaning "little tree." [6] The leaves are evergreen, remaining green for 1–3 years before falling. It is commonly found in Europe, Asia, and North America. [9], The leaves are shiny, small, and feel thick and stiff. Often called uva-ursi, from the Latin uva, "grape, berry of the vine", ursi, "bear", i.e. The fruits are bittersweet when raw, but sweeter when boiled and dried. Scientific name of the plant "Arctostaphylos" means "bunch of bear's grape" in Greek language. [2] The smooth, glossy skinned fruits range from 1⁄4 to 1⁄2 inch (6 to 13 mm) in diameter. The plant's Family is Ericaceae. [9] New stems can be red if the plant is in full sun, but are green in shadier areas. Folk tales suggest Marco Polo thought the Chinese were using it as a diuretic. Bearberry (Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi) plant medicinal uses. [14] Preliminary studies indicate that arbutin may be toxic when ingested in high doses. [5], The leaves are picked any time during the summer and dried for use in teas, liquid extracts, medicinal tea bags and tablets for traditional medicine uses. [6] The small white to pinkish, bell-sha… [14], There are several cultivars that are propagated for use as ornamental plants. [1] They are capable of surviving on soils predominantly composed of sand. * FREE SHIPPING on any additional products from our store !!! 4 (For a description of the smoking mixtures described in the journals, see Smoking Mixtures.) Bearberry Scientific name. Additional Bearberry Facts: Bearberry is quite astringent, but it's a favorite of bears, which is where it gets its name. The latter part of its scientific name “ursi” refers to the Brown bear (Ursus arctos) whose summer and early autumn diet features bearberries. For these uses, bearberry is taken as a … The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The distribution of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is circumpolar, and it is widespread in northern latitudes,[2][8][4] but confined to high altitudes further south: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a small procumbent woody groundcover shrub 5–30 cm (2–12 in) high. Meet Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, also known as common bearberry or, to the Aboriginals, as kinickinick (sometimes spelled “kinnikinnick”). The genus name of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi comes from the Greek words arctos (meaning bear) and staphyle (meaning "bunch of grapes") in reference to the fruits which form grape-like clusters. The efficacy and safety of bearberry treatment in humans remain unproven,[7] as no clinical trials exist to interpret effects on any disease. The bearberry is a low-lying dwarf shrub, often forming dense mats, with leathery, glossy, small leaves. [8], The plant contains diverse phytochemicals, including ursolic acid, tannic acid, gallic acid, some essential oils and resin, hydroquinones (mainly arbutin, up to 17%), tannins (up to 15%), phenolic glycosides and flavonoids. Bearberries (indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. It has a stem that rises 2-8" off the ground and is covered in a thick bark and fine silky hairs. [18], Native Americans used the plant to make yellow dye. The fruit, also called bearberries, are edible and sometimes gathered for food. Bearberry, Uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva ursi) (Linne), which takes its name from the fact that its berries are eaten by bears and other animals, is a low evergreen shrub common to the Northern countries of Europe and America . In vitro research supports its use as a urinary antiseptic. These infections, which include, for example, cystitis, are very common, especially in women. Bearberry was first documented in The Physicians of Myddfai, a 13th-century Welsh herbal. Uva ursi is native to Europe and is widely distributed in the arctic. Bearberry is a low growing, evergreen shrub/ground cover species that grows about 20 cm tall. [14] In herbalism, leaf tea is used to treat urinary tract inflammation. [6] Numerous common names exist, depending on region, such as mealberry, sandberry, mountain-box, fox-plum, hog-crawberry, and barren myrtle.[3]. It first appeared in the London Pharmacopoeia in 1788. Humans can eat it too, but it's more commonly used in traditional herbal medicine for bladder problems, urinary tract infections, and itchy scalps. Mason Muller August 19, 2016 Medicinal plants and their uses No Comments. [3][6][14], Teas and extracts of the leaves have been used in traditional medicine of First Nations people over centuries as urinary tract antiseptics, diuretics, and laxatives. Colors: Green when young turning to red to pink as mature: Shapes: Rounded, smooth, fleshy or mealy, berry-like fruits about 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter that resembles a tiny apple. Bearberry family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. The leathery dark green leaves are an inch long and have rounded tips tapering back to the base. It has spread east to Siberia, the Altai and the Himalayas. What is Bearberry? Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Alpine Bearberry - A. alpina (L.) Spreng (syn. (2005) "Impact of socio-demographic factors, knowledge and attitude on the use of herbal drugs in pregnancy", "Inhibition of proliferation of human carcinoma cell lines by phenolic compounds from a bearberry-leaf crude extract and its fractions", "Chromatographic Separation of Tannin Fractions from a Bearberry-leaf (Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi L. Sprengel) Extract by Se-hplc – a Short Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bearberry&oldid=978469836, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 03:31. [2] Kinnikinnick (First Nations for "smoking mixture") is a common name in Canada and the United States. Bearberries grow as low-lying bushes and these shrubs are green coloured year round. ... Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. [1] In Canada, you can find them in the Northern Latitude forests, and they can are also found growing on gravel surfaces. However, there are no clinical trials demonstrating the safety, efficacy, or toxicity of its use. The fruit persist on the plant into early winter. Bearberry, which has the scientific name Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi, and is called by other names such as hogberry, rockberry, beargrape, kinnikinnik, manzanita, mealberry, red bearberry, Uva ursi, and wildcranberry is cultivated in Central and Northern Europe but is also abundant in North America.. Bearberry grows to a height of around 20 centimeters. Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Alternate Name(s): kinnikinnick Distribution: widespread across North America from Alaska south to California, Arizona, and New Mexico, east throughout Canada to the Dakotas, the Great Lake states, and New England states, and the Carolinas Bearberry. Unlike the other species of Arctostaphylos (see manzanita), they are adapted to Arctic and Subarctic climates, and have a circumpolar distribution in northern North America, Asia and Europe. Scientific names: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Arctostaphylos coactylis, Arctostaphylos adenotricha Other common names: Arctostaphylos, bear’s grape, crowberry, foxberry, hogberry, kinnikinnick, manzanita, mountain box, rockberry, uva-ursi The common bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi L. Sprengel) is a ubiquitous procumbent evergreen shrub located throughout North America, Asia, and Europe. [2][3][4] It is one of several related species referred to as bearberry.[2][5]. [4] It is a fire-tolerant species and may be a seedbanking species. Flesh colors Arctous alpinus (L.) Niedenzu). [1] Furthermore, one can see from the images that they have a round shape to them as well. Tea made from the bearberry’s leaves and stems can be used as an herbal remedy for urinary tract disease and to relieve inflammation.