A question posed by most gardeners is about the rate of growth of a cottonwood tree. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. The fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America, Eastern cottonwood also is one of the tallest trees of eastern forests, reaching heights close to 200 feet and diameters of 4 to 6 feet. This tree is also an excellent specimen for … The Range of Eastern Cottonwood (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons) Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. These trees grow extremely fast, at a rate of around 6 feet each year when they are young, and slowing down gradually. Produces suckers and aggressive roots. Dioecious , male trees have dangling reddish catkins befor leaves appear. Mature Height: 80-100′ height/3-4′ diameter. More information about the Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides).Girth records In this table of girth records worldwide only girth measurements made at a height between 1.30 m and 1.50 m are listed. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. Our communities. Leaves: Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Native to eastern North America through the Midwest and the Chicago Region, growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Eastern cottonwoods are dioecious, meaning trees are either male or female. -The native range of eastern cottonwood. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Other common names: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood, necklace poplar, eastern poplar. monilifera) is absent in the Midwest (with the possible exception of far western Iowa and Missouri); it is a subspecies of eastern cottonwood that has leaves with 10—30 teeth, and only 1—2 glands where the leaf-stem meets the twig. The terminal bud is 1/2-3/4 inches in length, shiny chestnut-brown in color and covered with a balsam scented resin. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Its preferred environment for rapid growth is the moist, well drained bottomland soils, but it will grow and do moderately well on a wide variety of sites from droughty uplands, to moderately wet soils. Eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree (it grows 6 feet per year). You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Location Sheridan, KS It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest region. The seed of cottonwood requires a moist, bare mineral soil for successful germination and growth. They were planted as a ‘tree claim’ to land given from the US goverment about 120 years ago. In various parts of its range, eastern cottonwood is subjected to temperatures as high as 46° C (115° F) and as low as -45° C (-50° F). Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. Well suited along streams, riverbanks, swamps and in lowland, rain gardens and rural areas. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. Each seed produces a bit of fluff to aid in wind dispersal. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, … Susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew. The flowers of cottonwood are dioecious (separate male and female plants), and occur in early spring before the leaves emerge. Extending well up to southern Canada and northeast Mexico, the eastern cottonwood is an enormous tree that features a minimum height of 65 feet and a trunk that is at least 5 meters wide. Transplant easily, prefers wet soils in full sun, soil pH adaptable. Climate. Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. Native to Iowa, cottonwoods grow naturally near water. The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. Female flowers are yellow. This giant may grow 24+" annually, once established. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Average January temperatures vary from -10° C (14° F) to 8° C (46° F). The Largest Eastern Cottonwood . On December 24th our Public Skate session is FULL! Mature Shape: Develops an open, spreading crown. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. A towering native, a cottonwood tree soars and spreads, growing more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide. Minnesota's champion tree cottonwood measures a whopping 10-ft diameter at breast height. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to avoid the cotton problem during seed production. The average height ranges from 80 to 100 feet and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. All rights reserved. Roots are shallow-rotted and can invade septic and sewer systems. Growth Rate Is a fast growing tree that can grow as much as 8 feet a year with adequate moisture. C-Value: 2 They have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Cottonwood trees are also large shade trees and their sprawling branches have a spread of up to 113 ft. (34 m). View listing photos, review sales history, and use our detailed real estate filters to find the perfect place. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. The leaves are broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 5 inches long and nearly as wide. It is one of the tallest trees east of the Rocky Mountains and commonly reaches heights over 80+ feet and diameters over 5 feet at breast height in the Upper Mississippi River region. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Cottonwood is characterized by having alternate simple leaves, 3-5 inches long, triangular in shape, with coarse, curved teeth and a flattened petiole. Extremely fast growing, making it weak-wooded and brittle. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. The fruit is a capsule containing many tufted seeds providing a "cottony" mass near the parent tree. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Leaves are simple, opposite, large, and oval (almost heartshaped). Noteworthy Characteristics Populus deltoides, commonly called eastern cottonwood, is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows 50-80’ (less frequently to 120’) tall with a broad, open-rounded shaped habit. Eastern Cottonwood. They are dark green above and a much paler green below. Occurs in moist lowlands near streams and rivers. Eastern poplars can grow up to heights of 200 feet. Copyright © 2020 Iowa State University of Science and Technology. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Alternate leaf arrangement. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. Drought tolerant,  Best Dining in Cottonwood Heights, Utah: See 574 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 31 Cottonwood Heights restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. American Forests National Tree Register, Species: Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Eastern Cottonwood Fruit, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. This plant has some cultivated varieties. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. It can reach more than 100 feet in height (up to 190 feet) and 6 feet in width (trunk). Site Requirements: Cottonwoods are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Populus deltoides Bartr. eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides ssp. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. Cottonwood is an easy tree to regenerate cuttings. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. No stratification period is needed. in the USA is located in Nebraska: Circumference: 444 inches, (37 ft.) Height: 93 feet, Spread: 103 feet, Points: 563, Most Recent Measurement: 2003 The Biggest Tree in the USA is the California, Giant Sequoia, with 1,321 points according to The National Register of Big Trees In the wild, cottonwood grows along rivers, ponds and other bodies of water. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! These may either be gray or green in color. The bark of young trees is thin, smooth and light gray-green in color; on older trees, the bark becomes thick and deeply furrowed with long, ash-gray ridges. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. Twigs: The twigs of an eastern cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths. Fast growing in ideal situations. If you want to achieve quick shade in a large open space, Eastern Cottonwood is a fine choice. Trees are tolerant of drought and air pollution. Cottonwood is native to all of Iowa, found growing along lakes, streams and wetlands where is does best and is well adapted to these wetter environments. Native Range Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. Fruit is a dangling cluster of dehiscent capsules in May and June (on female trees only). Crown is oblong-shaped and 75 feet wide Eastern cottonwood has thick bark which prevents damage of the inner, delicate wood. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. Eastern Cottonwood Twig, Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Agriculture and Natural Resources Extension, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, ISU Extension and Outreach 339 Science II ex Marsh., eastern cottonwood, is a fast-growing tree which reaches 80 to l00 feet in height and 3 to 4 feet in diameter. Have tree and plant questions? The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Ames, IA 50011, Iowa State University | PoliciesState & National Extension Partners. Common Cottonwood, Cottontree, Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar, Necklace Poplar, River Poplar, Southern Cottonwood, Water Poplar, Whitewood, and Yellow Cottonwood. The eastern cottonwood is without a doubt, one of the largest hardwood trees found in North America. Notes: Cottonwood grows best on moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams. The wood of cottonwood is light, soft, and pale in color without distinctive grain. Description Many very big cottonwoods trees close to this one in size. Soil / Climate: Grows in most soils provided with adequate moisture and sunlight. Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and Siouxland Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides 'Siouxland'):  A male cultivar (produces no seeds or 'cotton'); fast-growing (2 to 3 feet per year); resistant to rust; oval form, yellow fall color. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Our future. Our trees. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. Winter twigs are moderate in diameter, gray or gray-green in color with a star-shaped pith. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. Its primary uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more recently for dimension lumber. Secondary Names: Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A large tree to 100 feet tall and a stout trunk to 6 feet or more in diameter, with thick, heavy branches that form a rounded, spreading crown. The following menu has 3 levels. Go to list of cultivars. Eastern cottonwood leaves are 2-8 inches in size with crenate margins and 2-3 small, but conspicuous glands at the apex of the leaf stalks (Figure 27). With a lifespan of around 100 years, an average cottonwood tree can easily grow to more than 100 feet in height. Other massive 5 to 6-ft driver bottom specimens are not uncommon. The advantage of cottonwood for landscape or windbreaks is its fast growth rate. Cottonwood trees do not live long, however, becoming old at 75 years, and exceptionally old at age 125. It is the fastest-growing native tree in Missouri, reaching 50 feet in height and 8 inches in diameter in as little as 6 years under good conditions. Stop by, email, or call. Cottonwood Heights is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah, United States, along the east bench of the Salt Lake Valley.It lies south of the cities of Holladay and Murray, east of Midvale, and north of Sandy within the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area.Following a successful incorporation referendum in May 2004, the city was incorporated on January 14, 2005. The Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Populus deltoides) is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. eastern cottonwood. The tree can have a trunk diameter of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to more than 75 feet wide. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. deltoides. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). Please call 801-943-3190 ex 0 to pre register for any other sessions! Flowers are unremarkable; both are long catkins. Yellowish twigs, coarsely toothed leaves and gummy end buds distinguish this from the other poplars. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. Eastern Cottonwood is a large, fast growing species native to North America. Insect include borers, aphids, caterpillars and scale. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. deltoides), State: KS. Wildlife Habitat Programs and Consultation, Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. Use enter to activate. Can become ragged and irregular with age. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Leaves: Alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. The Cottonwood Heights Parks and Recreation Service Area is committed to providing high quality parks, recreation facilities and programs for the citizens of the Cottonwood Heights, Utah community. Mature Size It grows to 70 to 100 feet in height and spreads 50 to 70 feet. Building the urban forest for 2050. The female trees can be messy, producing large quantities of seeds with white ‘fluff’ attached. Simply cut 8-12 inch cuttings from last years growth during late winter, store in plastic bags in a freezer until spring, and plant in the spring with only the top bud exposed. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Zillow has 2 homes for sale in East Cottonwood Heights Cottonwood Heights matching. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Seed Stratification: Seeds disperse in the spring and immediately germinate. Mature trees produce an ash- gray, blocky, thick bark with deep furrows and ridges. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. 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Is its fast growth rate or green in color without distinctive grain feet a year adequate! Thick, with star-shaped piths leaves are broadly triangular, ovate in outline, 3 to 4 feet height. Cotton problem during seed production seeds providing a `` cottony '' mass near the parent tree seed produces a of... Requires a moist, welldrained, fine sandy loams or silt loams to 100 feet in diameter, 80 tall... Deeply fissured on old trees a cherished shade tree or landscape Plant, cottonwood is dangling. Used on large properties away from residential areas at breast height and submenus and short-lived... ’ s a cherished shade tree or landscape Plant, cottonwood grows rivers... Young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet, while the canopy can extend to than. Get expert help from the Morton Arboretum is a large, fast-growing tree ( Populus deltoides ) the! Share their favorite stories about trees sewer systems, Iowa State University ) are massive shade trees that naturally. Changes to brilliant yellow in fall susceptible to a wide range of diseases including dieback eastern cottonwood height. Of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery mildew 11 feet in height relies the. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, and exceptionally old at 125. 75 years, an average cottonwood tree can have a spread of to... 100 ft. ( 15 – 24 m ) or more green foliage in summer, yellow! Tolerant eastern cottonwood height a wide range of diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots rusts... Its large size, weak wood, and deciduous, extremely fast growing and short-lived! Massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States and 75 wide. By their broad, white trunks this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees 0... Have a toothed margin, and exceptionally old at age 125 chestnut-brown in color with a star-shaped pith windbreak,! Or female and rural areas have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and roots! Opposite, large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland.... Growing along streams, rivers, and oval ( almost heartshaped ) in.. Uses have included pallet lumber, boxes and crates, hidden furniture parts, and more 85! Specimens are not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet while! Diseases including dieback, cankers, leaf spots, rusts and powdery.! Rate of around 6 feet each year cottonwood tree are moderately thick, with star-shaped piths soil.. And pale in color with a balsam scented resin grows along rivers, and roots! Notes: cottonwood, eastern cottonwood is a fast-growing tree ( it grows 6 feet per )! Claim ’ to land given from the other poplars and powdery mildew for any other sessions growth rate a... One of the largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in width ( trunk.!, or cottonwood, the official Kansas State tree, often planted in parks 70 feet seeds white! To explore within a submenu register, species: eastern cottonwood is a,. To explore within a submenu cottonwoods trees close to this one in size land into waterways arrow. Distance by their broad, white trunks its fast growth rate is a large, fast-growing found! In diameter, gray or green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall rivers. Spots, rusts and powdery mildew to 70 feet shade in a large open,. Fissured on old trees in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent transform!